Bone Density Scans (DEXA) Charleston
Bone density scans are integral in determining if a patient is at a greater risk for experiencing a fracture due to osteoporosis; a condition characterized by bones that are less dense. Thus they are weak and more likely to break. This is determined by measuring Bone Mineral Density (BMD).
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry or DEXA is the most common method utilized to measure BMD. DEXA scanning is concentrated on two areas of the body: the hip and spine. Measuring BMD at the hip and spine can predict the possibility that a fracture will occur at other regions of the body. Scanning takes 10 to 20 minutes to complete and is painless.
Results are based on a T-score, which is a measurement of how dense a patient’s bone is compared to that of an average 30-year old healthy adult. A T-score of -1 or above indicates normal bone density. A T-score between -1 and -2.5 indicates low bone density (osteopenia). This score indicates that a patient is at an increased risk for experiencing bone fracture. However, the patient does not have osteoporosis. If a patient has a T-score of 2.5 and below they have osteoporosis.
Women are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Moreover, the disease can strike at any age. Risk factors include a family history of the disease or broken bones, low body weight and a thin frame, low estrogen levels and an inactive lifestyle.
All post-menopausal women under the age of 65 experiencing one or more risk factors, and women 65 years of age or older should have BMD testing.
Lowcountry OB/GYN is proud to be accredited in ultrasound by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM). This accreditation is the hallmark of an ultrasound practice that meets nationally accepted standards of patient care, demonstrates consistent excellence, and is current with the latest ultrasound technology.
Ultrasound scans provide a visual outlook of the embryo or fetus in the mother’s womb (uterus). It is a necessary part of prenatal care, as it allows the physician to monitor the health of the fetus and mother, as well as the progress of the pregnancy. Generally, ultrasounds are performed by placing a transducer over the abdomen. A transducer is a device that emits high frequency sound waves. The heartbeat of the fetus, gestational age, any abnormalities, as well as size and gender can be accessed.
Gynecological ultrasounds, also called pelvic ultrasounds, are most often performed to evaluate the bladder, ovaries, uterus, cervix and fallopian tubes. Ultrasound examinations can help diagnose symptoms experienced by women such as:
- pelvic pain
- abnormal bleeding
- other menstrual problems
and help identify:
- palpable masses such as ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids
- ovarian or uterine cancers